Tarde, Gabriel

Tarde, Gabriel
(1843-1904)
A French criminologist, widely regarded as one of the founders of social psychology, a contemporary of Émile Durkheim who debated with him the nature of sociology. Tarde described the basic social processes as those of imitation (or repetition), opposition, and adaptation, and saw sociology as the attempt to discover the social laws that governed these processes. His analysis of the importance of imitation suggests that it is some sort of cosmic law, analogous to-but also offering an alternative to-laws of societal evolution, since imitation rather than a common evolutionary trajectory could explain cultural diffusion . Tarde was a social nominalist, for whom only individuals are real, and all social phenomena were ultimately reducible to relations between two persons exhibiting similar beliefs and desires and imitating each other through interaction. This explains his disagreement with Durkheim, a social realist who argued that social facts existed independently of individuals, and that external social constraint was the basis of social order. His major publications-The Laws of Imitation (1890) and Social Laws: An Outline of Sociology (1899)-are today of only historical interest, although attempts have been made to trace his influence in American interactionist sociology, and on the study of attitudes and collective behaviour.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • Tarde, Gabriel — ▪ French sociologist in full  Jean Gabriel De Tarde   born March 12, 1843, Sarlat [now Sarlat la Canéda], Dordogne, France died May 13, 1904, Paris  French sociologist and criminologist who was one of the most versatile social scientists of his… …   Universalium

  • Tarde, Gabriel — (1843 1904)    sociologist    Born in Sarlat, Dordogne, Gabriel Tarde, a noted criminologist and sociologist, as well as the author of works on problem of criminality, was the principal French representative of the psychological school of… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Tarde, Gabriel — ► (1843 1904) Sociólogo francés. Estableció la imitación como uno de los fundamentos de la evolución social y una de las causas de la criminalidad …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Tarde — Gabriel Tarde Gabriel Tarde, auch: Gabriel de Tarde (* 12. März 1843 in Sarlat; † 13. Mai 1904 in Paris[1]) war ein französischer Kriminologe, Soziologe und Sozialpsychologe. Nach einem Studium der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gabriel Tarde — Gabriel Tarde, auch: Gabriel de Tarde (* 12. März 1843 in Sarlat; † 13. Mai 1904 in Paris[1]) war ein französischer Kriminologe, Soziologe und Sozialpsychologe. Nach einem Studium der Rechtswissenschaft in Toulouse und Paris arbe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gabriel de Tarde — o simplemente Gabriel Tarde (Sarlat, Francia, 12 de marzo de 1843 París, 13 de mayo de 1904) fue un sociólogo, criminólogo y psicólogo social francés …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gabriel Tarde — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Tarde (homonymie). Gabriel Tarde Juge et sociologue français XIXe siècle …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tarde — (Del lat. tarde.) ► sustantivo femenino 1 Parte del día comprendida entre el mediodía y el anochecer: ■ les gusta salir a pasear por la tarde. 2 Últimas horas del día: ■ hasta la tarde no llega a casa. SINÓNIMO atardecer ► adverbio 3 A hora… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gabriel García Márquez — en 2009 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tarde (homonymie) — Tarde Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Gabriel Tarde (ou de Tarde) (1843 1904), sociologue et criminologue français ; Alfred de Tarde (1880 1925), écrivain et polémiste… …   Wikipédia en Français

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